Seahorses are truly unique not only because of their unusual equestrian shape. Unlike much other fish, they are monogamous and life partners. Although rare, they are among the only species on earth to produce male offspring. Seahorses are fish. They live in the water, breathe through the sick, and have a swimming bladder. However, Seahorses do not have fins and have a long snake-like tail. They also show the neck and snail. Seahorses eat small crusts, such as mycelium shrimp. An adult eats 30-50 times a day. Seahorse Fry eats 3,000 large pieces of food a day.
There are about 54 species of seahorses worldwide, perhaps even subspecies. It is often difficult for scientists to identify sea creatures because individuals of the same species can vary greatly in appearance. New species continue to appear.
Habitat and Size
They live in shallow tropical and temperate waters around the world, these tube fish can have swimming relatives ranging in size from 0.6 inches to 14 inches long. This allows the eel to graze on grass and other weeds. Seahorses can change colour very quickly and adapt to any environment they find. They are known to turn bright red to catch floating debris.
Because they do not have teeth or stomachs like other marine organisms, the structure of a seahorse’s digestive system is unique. This dressing activates the digestive process at an extraordinary rate and the animals must be regularly fed on a carnivorous diet of small fish and plankton copepods.
Do not be a fool because of their small size: seahorses can consume up to 3,000 shells of brine-like crust in a single day, sucking up to three inches of snails through their trumpets.
Males and Reproduction
Male seahorses have a calf bag attached to their outer or front face. During mating, the female lays her eggs in her bag and the male fertilizes them internally. He carries the eggs in his bag until they hatch and then releases the fully formed seahorses into the water. The number of eggs can vary from 50-150 for small species to 1500 for large species. Everything they need, from oxygen to food, is in the bag. The gestation period varies from 14 days to 4 weeks. Childbirth can be a lengthy process with contractions of up to 12 hours.
Swimming and Movement
Because of their body shape, seahorses are somewhat inefficient swimmers and can easily get tired when caught in stormy seas. They move forward, using a small fin on their back that flies 35 times per second. Even small fins located at the back of the head uses for steering. Sea anchors and corals are anchored by their forelimbs, using elongated snails to feed on plankton and small crust. Those who eat a lot of food, they eat grass regularly and can consume 3,000 or more brine prawns a day.
Population data for more than 30 coastal species are scarce. However, the depletion, pollution, and over-harvesting of coastal habitats around the world are mainly for use in Asian traditional medicine, and several species are at risk of extinction.